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Nutrition and Prostate Cancer
Natalie Ledesma, MS, RD
Cancer Resource Center
UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of California, San Francisco

Introduction
Guidelines for a Healthy Diet

Fruits and Vegetables
Fiber - A Plant Based Diet Is Naturally High In Fiber

Low Fat Diet

Limit Simple Sugar

Adequate Fluids
Modest Caloric Restriction

Body Mass/Physical Activity
Antioxidants
Lycopene
Selenium

Vitamin A and Beta-Carotene
Vitamin C

Vitamin E
Flaxseed

Garlic
Genotoxins: Heterocyclic Amines(HCA's)
& Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons(PAH's)


Green Tea
Soy
Food Safety
Herbs
Milk Thistle

PC-SPES
Saw Palmetto

Turmeric (Curcumin)
Summary
High-Fiber Sources
Recipes

Books, Cookbooks, Newsletters
Websites

References
Nutrition & Prostate Cancer - PDF version


Introduction
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Scientific evidence suggests that differences in diet and lifestyle may account in large part for the variability of prostate cancer rates in different countries. 1

Good nutrition may reduce the incidence of prostate cancer and help reduce the risk of prostate cancer progression. There are many studies currently being conducted to help further understand how diet and prostate cancer are related. We do know, however, that improved nutrition reduces risk of heart disease, diabetes, and obesity, and usually improves overall quality of life. It is estimated that one-third of cancer deaths in the U.S. can be attributed to diet in adulthood, including diet's effect on obesity. 2 Additionally, a healthy diet helps to increase energy levels, facilitate recovery, and enhance the immune system.


Guidelines for a Healthy Diet
Back to the Table Of Contents



Fruits and Vegetables
Back to the Table Of Contents



Fiber - A Plant Based Diet Is Naturally High In Fiber
Back to the Table Of Contents



Low Fat Diet
Back to the Table Of Contents



Limit Simple Sugars
Back to the Table Of Contents



Adequate Fluids
Back to the Table Of Contents



Modest Caloric Restriction
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Body Mass/Physical Activity
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Antioxidants
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Lycopene
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Selenium
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Nutrient Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) Prostate Cancer Research Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
Selenium 55 mcg 200 mcg 400 mcg


Vitamin A and Beta-Carotene
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Vitamin C
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Nutrient Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) Prostate Cancer Research Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
Vitamin C 90 mg (males) NA 2000 mg

Vitamin E
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Nutrient Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) Prostate Cancer Research Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
Vitamin E15 mg
33 IU dl-alpha (synthetic)
22 IU d-alpha (natural)
50-400 IU * 1000 mg
2222 IU dl-alpha
1493 IU d-alpha
* Vitamin E form varies among studies


Flax Seed
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Garlic
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Genotoxins: Heterocyclic Amines(HCA's) & Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons(PAH's)
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Green Tea
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Soy
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Source Amount of Soy Protein (gm) Amount of Soy Isoflavones (mg)
Tofu (4 oz) 13 38.8*
Soymilk (8 fl oz) 10 30*
Tempeh (1/2 cup) 19.5 36*
Soybeans, edamame (1/2 cup) 11 35*
Soy nuts (1/4 cup) 19 40-50*
* Isoflavone content varies by brand


Vitamin D and Calcium
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Nutrient Adequate Intake (AI) Prostate Cancer Research Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
Vitamin D Under 50 yrs: 5 mcg or 200 IU
50-70 yrs: 10 mcg or 400 IU
Over 70 yrs: 15 mcg or 600 IU
AI 50 mcg or 2000 IU
Calcium 19-50 yrs: 1000 mg
Over 50 yrs: 1200 mg
AI 2500 mg


Food Safety
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Milk Thistle
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PC-SPES
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Saw Palmetto
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Turmeric (Curcumin)
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Summary - Healthy Diet for Prostate Cancer
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Words Of Wisdom
"Let food be your medicine and medicine be your food."
- Hippocrates

Reprinted by permission - For additional information or resources, please visit the Ida and Joseph Friend Cancer Resource Center at 1600 Divisadero Street on the first floor, or call (415) 885-3693. The information in this publication is designed for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your physician or health care provider, as each patient's circumstances are individual. We encourage you to discuss with your physician any questions and concerns that you may have.




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